Capsicum pubescens—wonderfully looking Chilli plants!
This article talks about the seeds of the species: Capsicum pubescens. Find out what the name says about these plants, where these chilies come from and many more facts.
Does the name have a particular meaning?
Actually, there is a particular meaning, the word part "Capsicum" means, as you already know nothing else but "peppers". The second word in this family name, "pubescens", however, it’s a clearer reference to the plants belonging to this family. Translated, this term means roughly as much as "fluff-haired", like one would get when hitting puberty. The name of these chilli plants is certainly correct, since most varieties of this plant, with a few exceptions, are covered with a soft floss of thin hairs. But which plant part exactly? On one hand, the leaves are covered with this fluff and on the other hand, also the branches are covered. Occasionally, this soft "fur" even forms on the flower. In these cases, the outer sepals are also covered with this thin fleece.
Why are these plants considered to be especially beautiful?
This is mainly due to the flowers that these species produce. It is not uncommon that Chilli plants form violet or blue flowers, but not in the same splendor as the plants of the Capsicum pubescens create. In contrast to the other species, the flowering of the capsicum pubescens plants is dyed through. The already described hairs, which give the plant their name, naturally also make these plants look pretty, in their own way. Also, the shrubby growth form and, of course, not least, the luminous fruits, the fiery chilies, make these plants delightful to your eye sight. The beauty features of Capsicum pubescens are thus:
- blue-violet flowers
- a soft fluff
- the shrubby growth forms
- the luminous fruits
Where did these Chilies originally come from?
The actual distribution area of the Capsicum pubescens lies on the west coast of South and Central America. These include states such as, among others, Mexico, Peru, Chile and Ecuador. The plants and thus also the seeds have been known for a very long time in these regions. Even the Incas are associated with these chilies. To this day, however, it has not yet been clarified where this type of capsicum originates. Due to the fact that the plants in Bolivia, in contrast to the other areas in which the species is cultivated, produce smaller chilies, it is now assumed that Capsicum pubescens originally came from this region. The fact that it has been cultivated, and cross-bred, over several thousand years, makes an exact determination of the geographical origin in hindsight more than difficult. Only a short time ago on the other end of the world, in Australia, a capsicum pubescens was also discovered, which can definitely keep up with its South and Central American relatives.
What varieties belong under this species?
The name Rocoto is often used as a synonym for these chilies. This is not quite accurate, though, there are several varieties called Rocoto, which originate from these seeds, such as Rocoto Guatemalan, Rocoto Canario and Rocoto Large Red, but there are also others. These include, among others, the already mentioned Australian variety. This Chilli plant from Australia, bears the name of the woman who discovered it, namely Sukanya.
This species has some incredible qualities inside and out!
Inside the chilies are the seed chambers, which form the basic stock for the next generation of Chilies. But the seeds, which are in these chambers, have a really striking peculiarity: they are black! This is something special because the seeds of the other chilies are bright colored, usually white or yellowish.
Important tips for growing your own:
If you want to grow Capsicum pubescens at home, you need to consider some important points. Since the plants are very sensitive, they throw their leaves or even the immature chilies in unfavorable conditions. But how do you create the optimal growth conditions for this species? Like all other chilies, the plants prefer a place that is rather semi-shade, which is justified by the fact that all Capsicum varieties are night shade plants. Depending on the type, cultivation can take place either in the vegetable patch or in a flower pot. If you decide for the variation of pot breeding, you have to make sure that the pot you use is large enough. The plants eventually grow to a height of an average of about one meter. Chilli is a perennial plant, which means they will survive winter and then continue to harvest hot fruits next season. In no case should this happen outside, in the open, as the Capsicum pubescens does not tolerate any frost. In order for your own cultivated chilli to be enjoyed in the coming summers, the plant must stand in a dry and cool place. During this phase the plants need less water and fertilizer. As soon as the spring returns, you can trim the chilli plant a bit and get the full harvest again. We have summarized again for you here the most important necessary steps for a successful harvest:
- The sport where you place the plant need to be shady enough!
- In the case of a pot culture, the flower pot must be correspondingly large!
- The plants may only pass the winter inside!
- As soon as spring begins, the plants can be trimmed and placed outside again.
What is the fiery conclusion?
The name "Capsicum pubescens" refers to the leaves, the flowers and the woody bits that develop with this species as some of these plants’ parts have a hairy fuzz. In addition, the beautifully colored flowers, the beautiful growth form and, of course, the shining chilies ensure that these plants really have a beautiful appearance. Not only the outer, but also the inner values are unique, these seeds are not light, they are dark brown to black. Originally this species comes from Central and South America. There, these chilies have been cultivated ever since the Incas times. The exact area of origin is assumed to be in today's Bolivia. Surprisingly, Australia is also home to a plant of this kind, the recently discovered Sukanya. Quite often, the varieties of the Capsicum pubescens bear the nickname Rocoto. In order to successfully cultivate these chilies, in our climate, some things have to be taken into account, but with proper care the plants can be productive for several years.